Karl Cordes



Creating RAID 1 MDADM on an existing Ubuntu install

Remove all the old partions on the disks

sudo parted

select /dev/sda rm 1 rm 2 select /dev/sdb sudo mkfs.ext4 /dev/sd[a-d]1

#Setup MDADM
sudo mdadm –create –verbose /dev/md0 –level=mirror –raid-devices=2 /dev/sda1 /dev/sdb1

karlcordes@spacex:~$ sudo mdadm –create –verbose /dev/md0 –level=mirror –raid-devices=2 /dev/sda1 /dev/sdb1 mdadm: /dev/sda1 appears to contain an ext2fs file system size=1953513472K mtime=Thu Jan 1 10:00:00 1970 mdadm: Note: this array has metadata at the start and may not be suitable as a boot device. If you plan to store ‘/boot’ on this device please ensure that your boot-loader understands md/v1.x metadata, or use –metadata=0.90 mdadm: /dev/sdb1 appears to contain an ext2fs file system size=1953513472K mtime=Thu Jan 1 10:00:00 1970 mdadm: size set to 1953382208K

karlcordes@spacex:~$ sudo mdadm –create –verbose /dev/md1 –level=mirror –raid-devices=2 /dev/sdc1 /dev/sdd1 mdadm: /dev/sdc1 appears to contain an ext2fs file system size=1953513472K mtime=Thu Jan 1 10:00:00 1970 mdadm: Note: this array has metadata at the start and may not be suitable as a boot device. If you plan to store ‘/boot’ on this device please ensure that your boot-loader understands md/v1.x metadata, or use –metadata=0.90 mdadm: /dev/sdd1 appears to contain an ext2fs file system size=1953513472K mtime=Thu Jan 1 10:00:00 1970 mdadm: size set to 1953382208K Continue creating array? y mdadm: Defaulting to version 1.2 metadata mdadm: array /dev/md1 started.

karlcordes@spacex:~$ cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [linear] [multipath] [raid0] [raid1] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] [raid10] md1 : active raid1 sdd1[1] sdc1[0] 1953382208 blocks super 1.2 [22] [UU] [>………………..] resync = 0.4% (81390081953382208) finish=243.9min speed=132882K/sec

md0 : active raid1 sdb1[1] sda1[0] 1953382208 blocks super 1.2 [22] [UU] [>………………..] resync = 0.4% (95601281953382208) finish=253.9min speed=127572K/sec

karlcordes@spacex:~$ cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [linear] [multipath] [raid0] [raid1] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] [raid10] md1 : active raid1 sdd1[1] sdc1[0] 1953382208 blocks super 1.2 [22] [UU] [=>……………….] resync = 7.2% (1409906561953382208) finish=222.1min speed=135966K/sec

md0 : active raid1 sdb1[1] sda1[0] 1953382208 blocks super 1.2 [22] [UU] [=>……………….] resync = 6.9% (1363857921953382208) finish=239.9min speed=126214K/sec

Save the configuration

mdadm --detail --scan >> /etc/mdadm/mdadm.conf

"after you've created your array, it's important to save the configuration in the proper mdadm configuration file. In Ubuntu, this is file /etc/mdadm/mdadm.conf. In some other distributions, this is file /etc/mdadm.conf. Check your distribution's documentation, or look at man mdadm.conf, to see what applies to your distribution.
To save the configuration information:
Ubuntu:

https://raid.wiki.kernel.org/index.php/RAID_setup#Saving_your_RAID_configuration

Add to /etc/fstab

/dev/md0  /mnt/io       ext4  noatime,rw 0 0
/dev/md1  /mnt/europa   ext4  noatime,rw 0 0